Masculine Values Scale

The Masculine Values Scale (MVS) was originally validated by Oliffe at al., 2019 as a 12-item self-report inventory of health-related masculine values from a a mixed-methods study with young men living in Western Canada. The MVS assesses two domains of health-related masculine values; Open & Selfless, and Healthy & Autonomous. Responses are made on a 5-point Likert scale with items summed to provide subscale scores. Higher scores indicate greater endorsement of each value domain.

An 8-item version of the MVS was subsequently validated by Rice et al., 2020 using confirmatory factor analysis with a separate sample of males.

The MVS-12 and MVS-8 are freely available for non-commercial use, and both versions are downloadable here:

Original Article:

Oliffe, J. L., Rice, S., Kelly, M. T., Ogrodniczuk, J. S., Broom, A., Robertson, S., & Black, N. (2019). A mixed-methods study of the health-related masculine values among young Canadian men. Psychology of Men & Masculinities20(3), 310.

IMVS-8 Article:

Rice, S. M., Kealy, D., Ogrodniczuk, J. S., Black, N., Seidler, Z. E., & Oliffe, J. L. (2020). Health-related masculine values, depression and suicide risk in men: associations among men with a history of childhood maltreatment. Journal of Mental Health, 1-8.

Example publications citing the IMVS:

Occhipinti, S., Laurie, K., Hyde, M. K., Martin, S., Oliffe, J., Wittert, G., & Chambers, S. K. (2019). Measuring masculinity in men with chronic disease. American Journal of Men’s Health13(4), 1557988319859706.

Spidel, A., Kealy, D., Kim, D., Sandhu, S., & Izbicki, A. (2021). Dysfunctional individuation in the clinic: associations with distress and early parental responsiveness. Current Psychology, 1-9.

Ogrodniczuk, J. S., Oliffe, J. L., Kealy, D., Seidler, Z. E., Black, N., & Rice, S. M. (2022). Conditional process modelling of the relationship among self-reliance, loneliness, and depressive symptoms, and the moderating effect of feeling understood. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease210(1), 32-36.

Gwyther, K., Swann, R., Casey, K., Purcell, R., & Rice, S. M. (2019). Developing young men’s wellbeing through community and school-based programs: A systematic review. PloS One14(5), e0216955.

Oliffe, J. L., Broom, A., Rossnagel, E., Kelly, M. T., Affleck, W., & Rice, S. M. (2020). Help-seeking prior to male suicide: Bereaved men perspectives. Social Science & Medicine261, 113173.

Seidler, Z. E., Rice, S. M., Kealy, D., Oliffe, J. L., & Ogrodniczuk, J. S. (2020). What gets in the way? Men’s perspectives of barriers to mental health services. International Journal of Social Psychiatry66(2), 105-110.

Punjani, N., Flannigan, R., Oliffe, J. L., McCreary, D. R., Black, N., & Goldenberg, S. L. (2018). Unhealthy behaviors among Canadian men are predictors of comorbidities: implications for clinical practice. American Journal of Men’s Health12(6), 2183-2193.

Saini, P., Chopra, J., Hanlon, C. A., & Boland, J. E. (2021). A case series study of help-seeking among younger and older men in suicidal crisis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(14), 7319.

McGraw, J., White, K. M., & Russell-Bennett, R. (2021). Masculinity and men’s health service use across four social generations: Findings from Australia’s Ten to Men study. SSM-Population Health15, 100838.